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Cambridge Centre for Climate Change Mitigation Research

Department A-Z


About 4CMR

The Cambridge Centre for Climate Change Mitigation Research (4CMR) is one of the research centres of the Department of Land Economy. We identify and assess policies that reduce the risks of climate change while allowing for global economic development through the study of both mitigation (reducing climate change) and adaptation (reducing the risks when climate change does occur). Our work explores trajectories of mitigation and adaptation policies that simultaneously achieve economic, energy, environmental and public health aims.

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4CMR Book is launched

The 4CMR book summarising our findings from the past 5 years is now available through Imperial College Press. The book includes chapters by most of the past and current research staff of 4CMR, with modeling results from the energy-economy-environment models, Future Technology Transformation, human health risk co-benefits, political analysis and the feasibility (social, economic, technological) of decarbonisation options.

Current Research Projects

Carbon CAP

We are part of an EU FP7 network - Carbon CAP - exploring collective action on carbon emissions through consumer-based policies. 4CMR is leading the activities around assessment of the economic, political, legal and social feasibility of policies aimed at reducing global carbon emissions through changes in consumer behaviour.

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Wildlife Conservation and Energy

4CMR are part of a Cambridge Conservation Initiative (CCI) project modelling the impacts of renewable energy systems on wildlife globally, with a focus on birdlife. 4CMR's role is to provide scenarios of future deployment patterns of wind energy, based on the Future Technology Transformation model.

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Understanding the Food-Water-Energy Nexus

This joint UK-Brazil project uses the technology and decision diffusion model methodology Future Technology Transformations (FTT), under development in Cambridge by a team of 4 researchers led Dr J.-F. Mercure, along with the global macroeconometric model E3ME ( The project is being led through C-EENRG.

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Ice, Climate, Economics – Arctic Research on Change looks into the current and future changes in Arctic sea ice, and investigates the consequences of these changes both on the economics of the area and globally, and social aspects such as on indigenous peoples. 4CMR is charged with assisting the macroeconomic analysis, led primarily by Lydia Prieg.

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4CMR are part of the consortium in the £4.1M Managing Air for Green Inner Cities (MAGIC) grant from the EPSRC as part of the Grand Challenge Research programme. 4CMR's role is to develop cost-benefit methods for health impacts of community designs.

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Featured Items

FTT adds Transport

Jean-Francois Mercure and Aileen Lam have published analysis of policies for reducing emissions of private passenger transport fleets in six major economies, in the journal Environmental Research Letters. It provides a method to assess the effectiveness of taxes and subsidies on emissions by exploring the likely response of agents using a marketing science approach.

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Financing the Future of Energy

4CMR collaborated with the Cambridge Institute for Sustainability Leadership and PWC to produce the ‘Financing the Future of Energy’ report, launched at the 2015 Global Financial Markets Forum in Abu Dhabi, setting out the changing nature of the global energy system over the next several decades.

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Climate policy and public health

Our research is helping mobilise political will for climate action through evidence for public health co-benefits. This includes advising the Department of Energy and Climate Change on the potential role of global health co-benefits and economic development.

UK Climate Risk Assessment

Doug Crawford-Brown of 4CMR has been appointed to the UK team producing the 2017 UK Climate Risk Assessment, in regard to Chapter 8 on cross-cutting issues.

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Briefing Papers

The results of our research are summarised in a Briefing Papers series aimed at policy makers, thought leaders and the informed public. They cover a variety of research topics.

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4CMR represents the University of Cambridge in the UK Tyndall Centre

4cmr logo large and transparent

A key area of research at 4CMR over the past 5 years has been the development of the Future Technology Transformation model, used in exploring how policies influence global technology and carbon. This includes an on-line visualisation tool so you can view our results.

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4CMR works closely with the Cambridge Centre for Environment, Energy and Natural Resource Governance, with overlapping interests, skills and projects. C-EENRG is also located in the Department of Land Economy, with a core mission to "conduct integrative research on the governance of environmental transitions, understood as social and technological processes driven by environmental constraints that lead to fundamental changes in social organisation."

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