Climate Change Policy and Land Development
Doug Crawford-Brown, Barbara Havel and Sophie Chapman
The module explores the relationship between climate policy, land development and the built environment, using both quantitative and qualitative methods to assess the impact of policies on climate mitigation and adaptation. Consideration is given to the role of land and its vegetation in climate change, the energy and carbon performance of buildings and infrastructure, rationality of climate policies, treatment of complex ownership and governance chains in asset management, trajectories of decarbonisation of the global economy, international and national policies and mechanisms, the macroeconomics of mitigation and adaptation, selection of policy instruments, and the role of community design in low carbon development and reduced vulnerability to climate change risks. Specific topics and methodologies covered are:
The aims of this course are to:
By the end of the course, students will:
The module will be assessed through an in-class examination of 2 hours. Candidates will be required to answer two questions from a choice of no fewer than four via an essay and some calculations.
The module runs for 8 weeks, with one 2-hour session per week. Each session is divided approximately into a 75 minute presentation by the instructors and a 20 minute seminar in which students apply the materials to a set problem. In addition, Dr Crawford-Brown will have 2 hours per week available for supervisions to clarify materials and address questions. These are on Tuesdays from 12-1 PM in his office in 21 Silver Street (entered through 19 Silver Street).
All readings are available through the course website. They are indicated below by the week in which they apply.
Recommended: Opportunities and Risks of Climate Change, SwissRe. Download
Richardson et al, Climate Change: Risk, Challenges and Decisions, 2009, International Alliance of Research Universities Synthesis Report., University of Copenhagen.
Recommended: DEFRA, 2009, Guidance on how to Measure and Report your Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Department of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, UK. Download
Week 3Recommended: Yamin, F. and Depledge, J., 2004, The International Climate Change Regime: A Guide to Rules, Institutions and Procedures, Cambridge University Press. Use this text as a reference guide for technical details about the international regime. There are non-borrowable and borrowable copies of this text in several Cambridge University libraries. Sign up for Climate L and IISD's Daily Bulletin, and follow those links for the duration of the course to inform yourself about the wide range of activities that happen both within the international regime and outside of it.
Recommended: Yohe, G.W., R.D. Lasco, Q.K. Ahmad, N.W. Arnell, S.J. Cohen, C. Hope, A.C. Janetos and R.T. Perez, 2007, Perspectives on Climate Change and Sustainability. Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability, Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. Download
Recommended: DCLG, 2009, Multi-criteria Analysis: A Manual, Department of Communities and Local Government, UK. Download
Recommended: S. Hallegatte and V. Przyluski, 2010, The Economics of Natural Disasters: Concepts and Methods, Policy Research Working Paper 5507, World Bank. Download
Recommended: D. Crawford-Brown, 1999, Chapter 1 (Risk), Risk-Based Environmental Decisions: Methods and Culture, Kluwer Academic Publishers. Download
Recommended: D. Crawford-Brown, T. Barker, A. Anger and O. Dessins, 2012, Ozone and PM Related Health Co-benefits of Climate Change Policies in Mexico, Environmental Science and Policy, 2012. Download
Recommended: Davoudi, S., Crawford, J. and Mehmood, A., 2009, Planning for Climate Change: Strategies for Mitigation and Adaptation for Spatial Planners, Earthscan Chapters 1-5, 9, 14, 18 and 21. You can read it on-line through Google Books HEREWeek 8
Class will be devoted to a negotiating session using the tools and perspectives developed in the module. You should read a synthesis of the Collective Action problem provided through the Stern Review, which is cited as HM Treasury, 2006, Part VI: International Collective Action: Framework for Understanding International Collective Action for Climate Change, Chapter 21 of the Stern Review, UK.
Here are two additional readings you may find of interest and use:
Chapter 1 of a book being produced by 4CMR on decarbonising the global economy. This one is on the science of climate change and risks. Download
Chapter 10 of a book being produced by 4CMR on decarbonising the global economy. This one is on the co-impacts of climate change policy. Download
The files below are materials from the class lectures. All weeks except 3 and 5 are Narrated Powerpoint lectures. The files are large, so lectures are divided into several downloads. You should "re-knit" them by linking Parts a, b, c, etc in that order. You will need to enable your speaker to hear the narration. You can advance any slide when you are ready by hitting the right arrow on your keyboard.
Download Week 1 lecture (part a of four parts needed)
Download Week 1 lecture (part b of four parts needed)
Download Week 1 lecture (part c of four parts needed)
Download Week 1 lecture (part d of four parts needed)
Download Week 1/2 lecture (part a of only one part)
Download Week 2 lecture (part a of two parts needed)
Download Week 2 lecture (part b of two parts needed)
Download Week 3 Worksheet (Worksheet)
Download Week 3 lecture (part a of only one part)
Download Week 3 Fact Sheet (Fact Sheet)
Travel to the Cambridge Retrofit website
Download Week 4 lecture (part a of two parts needed)
Download Week 4 lecture (part b of two parts needed)
Download Week 5 lecture (part a of three parts needed)
Download Week 5 lecture (part b of three parts needed)
Download Week 5 lecture (part c of three parts needed)
Download Week 6 lecture (part a of three parts needed)
Download Week 6 lecture (part b of three parts needed)
Download Week 6 lecture (part c of three parts needed)
Download Week 7 lecture (part a of only one part)
Here is the Carbon Footprint Tool for Individuals and Organisations. I have provided the version with no data entered yet. You should practice using it by entering your own data and calculating your personal carbon footprint. We are also doing that in class.
Here is the Carbon Footprint Tool for Communities. I have provided the version with the data for Cambridge entered. This is the version we viewed in class. You should become familiar with how to simulate policies and their effect on the community carbon emissions.
Here is the Assessing Policies paper we discussed in class.
Here is a set of Powerpoint slides with the carbon footprint, and strategies of reduction, for Cambridge. We are discussing this in class. These results stem from the Carbon Footprint Tool for Communities above.
Here is the Developed-Developing Nations Memo for the first week.
Here is the Information Sheet we will use in the class discussion on the final day (Week 8) of the module.
Here is the Planning Sustainability Toolkit (Excel version).
Here is the UK National Sustainable Development Indicators document that is the basis for the Planning Sustainability Toolkit.